Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose or treat problems of the uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted telescope-like device. It is inserted through the cervix . The hysteroscope transmits the image of uterus onto a screen. Other instruments are used along with the hysteroscope for treatment or surgery.

One of the most common uses for hysteroscopy is to find the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. Abnormal bleeding can mean that a woman’s menstrual periods are heavier or longer than usual or occur less or more frequently than normal. Bleeding between menstrual periods also is abnormalIn some cases, abnormal bleeding may be caused by benign (not cancer) growths in the uterus, such as fibroids or polyps which can be treated by hysteroscopy.

Hysteroscopy also is used in the following situations:

  • Remove adhesions that may occur because of infection or from past surgery
  • Diagnose the cause of repeated miscarriage when a woman has more than two miscarriages in a row
  • Locate anintrauterine device (IUD)

Hysteroscopy is a boon for diagnosis and management of abnormal uterine bleeding and recurrent pregnancy loss.